Due to increasing environmental concerns and expansion of our horizons in the field of environmental pollution research, we are more environmentally aware than ever. That is why the energy-efficient houses have become a topic of significant interest nowadays. Within moments, I’m going to briefly introduce some kinds of them to you.
Eco house which is sometimes defined as “A house that is overtly environmentally friendly”, as its definition indicates presents an environmentally low-impact home designed and built using materials and technology that reduces its carbon footprint and lowers its energy needs. As you might know, carbon footprint is generally defined as “the total set of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions caused by an organization, event, product or person.”. Building an Eco House requires a wide range of effort, from using solar panels to implementing two or three layer glasses filled with gas in between to prevent heat loss. We even consider the material transportation distance in order to minimize the carbon footprint caused by burning fossil fuels in the truck engine.
A Zero Carbon House which is also called Zero Energy House is a single family dwelling with a very high energy efficiency rating. Such houses need a very low amount of energy to provide the daily needs and functions for the family occupying the home and have a yearly net carbon footprint of almost zero.
3-Liter House is an energy standard for the need of heating warmth of a house. For the heating in such a way no more than 30 kilowatt-hours heating warmth per square meter of building effective area is being used annually. That corresponds 3 liter to fuel oil per square meters and year. Since for the examination of this standard and energy consumption determination no obligatory standard exists, the promise delivered with the designation “3-Liter-House” is rather an optimistic approximate value.
There are lots of names for energy-efficient homes, such as the three I mentioned above. They all have common features. In some cases, in order to qualify for subsidies, there are maximum values which may not be exceeded.
Note: Some of the information above is collected from Wikipedia.com and Wikipedia.qwika.com.